Sunday, 27 October 2013

Business Analysis and Quality Assurance Uncovered!

Business Analysis and Quality Assurance Uncovered!

Business Analysis and Quality Assurance have one goal in common to support overall strategic goals of Business. Business Analyst does so by making information refined and processed after information gathering and analysis. Quality Assurance takes on the mission from this point and prepares various artefact that help in Assuring Quality and conformance to requirement at every stage of the testing process. Software Testing Training has an extensive coverage for both.

These both need a crystal clear understanding of the Business Domain. At every stage the domain must be considered as Nucleus where all the activities must direct towards. Any deviation from the centrally focused domain can be the cause of rework and change requests. That consumes both time and attention. These both roles can be well juggled via Software Testing Training.

When there is a thorough understanding of domain a Quality Assurance personal can devise the best of breed test cases and a BA can prepare well-informed Domain documents. These let a BA to conform at various meetings that all requirements have been answered in terms of development and Testing. The document understanding is an important part of Software Testing Training.

When these two job roles overlap one can wear various hats as per the need of the software. One job role cannot be complete without the understanding and applicability of other job role. These two have their similarities and differences aligned in-terms of Software Testing Training course outline.

The need is to identify that when to flip the coin at what side. Software Testing Training is a complete solution for these both job roles. These both are like two faces of the same coin the win condition is that one must clearly identify and bet his/her role on right time and for right job role. The Probability of success depends upon one complementing other job role for successful project.
All these techniques can be learnt via Software Testing Training. The understanding of domain must be carried along with the application of correct testing technique as per need of project scope in-terms of effort and time. The techniques also must be chosen wisely that are important for that type of domain.


Author: Ramky
Source: Link

Monday, 7 October 2013

Software Quality Assurance and Testing: An Emerging Employer

Software Quality Assurance and Testing: An Emerging Employer


Introduction

The software quality assurance and testing segment was created out of the need to ensure that the application provided to a client operated according to requirements and was free of bugs. Though this segment has been around for decades, few analysts and development firms have paid much attention to the emerging market, until quite recently. In this article we will discuss the new employment potential facilitated by this emerging segment.

The Importance of Quality Assurance and Testing in Software Development

The need for companies to deploy software tools for maintaining competitiveness and enhancing productivity has propelled growth in the software development industry over most of the past decade. But as the complexity of applications increased, the possibility of bugs and boilerplate code in the new applications has also increased. To ensure that such bugs and unnecessary codes are identified and resolved in a timely manner, the industry has developed a range of Quality Assurance and Testing practices. The implementation of these practices was the cornerstone for development of the specialized field of software testing within the industry.

The concept of testing in itself is nothing new and game designers have found it necessary to test their games at special pre-release events to ensure that they would click with the intended audience. But often such testing was carried out by the designers themselves or by gamers who had little and often no knowledge of computer codes. This format of testing was often quite inefficient and often caused delays in launching of the new software. The present-day specialized field of software testing developed out of a need to expedite the development process by decreasing the overall time to market for new software.

What Does a Software Tester Do?

Simply put, a software tester runs a new application to determine the presence of any operational deficiencies in the system. Like any process, the field of software testing also features a number of steps to ensure that none of the key aspects of an application starting from the UI to the security/additional functions incorporated into the system are overlooked. Ideally the correct skill set for a software tester includes prior knowledge of programming and the ability to understand as well as rectify codes in different programming languages according to the client's/company's requirement. In some cases, testers are also required to be proficient in writing automation codes to ensure that specific software can be operated on additional platforms as well. In view of these requirements, it is no mystery that few are selected for this role in leading companies and most prospects fail to make the cut.

The Increased Requirement for Software Testers

Independent estimates calculated that the US-based software testing industry is currently worth US$59 billion. As the recession deepens, many US and Western Europe-based companies in developed countries especially Independent software vendors are expected to outsource their QA/testing requirements to leading offshore centers in Philippines, India and Brazil. By the year 2015, this outsourcing trend is projected to create a specialized software testing market worth approximately US$9.1 billion in India alone. This is capable of creating numerous jobs as the current workforce lacks the capability to deal with the predicted influx of QA/testing requirements in the Industry.

Challenge to Development: An Indian Perspective

India has been a leading offshore software development location for over a decade now, but a shift in priorities is required. We already excel at training developers and deploying working applications at rapid speeds, however, QA/Testing is often treated as a secondary role. A change in this attitude towards Software Testing in India is the first step to deriving benefits from the emerging segment. A second issue is the requirement for specialized training programs, which can identify potential talent and groom it to the requirements of the software testing market. No such unified training program for testers currently exists in India, which has led companies to operate their own training programs according to specific requirements. Only by taking steps to develop a unified program and keeping pace with the rapidly changing times, India can emerge as the leading player in the world-wide Quality Assurance Services market and benefit from the outsourcing of various QA/testing requirements.

Author: Abhishek Chakravarti
Source: Link

Tips for Building an Effective Software Testing Team

Tips for Building an Effective Software Testing Team


Software Testing is one of those often-ignored areas of the development process, which often results in catastrophic failures for many firms. In recent years, some industry players have understood the need to invest in the development of skills required to ensure comprehensive analysis of new and/or modified solutions. This field, which is often included under the QA/QC Services category has been correctly recognized as a firm's last line of defense between launching a bug-free market-ready solution or a solution, which is doomed to fail. However, many organizations still ignore an important aspect of testing - it is not a one-man operation (unless it's a very small company) and in case of a team-based multi-man operation, it is important to develop the right mix of individuals who form the team to ensure success.

Unlike many IT industry operations, a typical software testing team comprises of people from different backgrounds such as designers, developers as well as laymen such as prospective users. In fact the more diverse the group, the more robust is the testing process. Simply put if you are designing a financial solution, it always helps to seek customer's advice both during and in the final stages of the development process, which would help ensure that no errors in the financial assumptions occurs and if they do, such problems are identified and resolved at the earliest. But every company invests in developing a core team comprising of programmers and designers, who check the working as well as coding of the software to ensure on time and bug-free delivery of the final product.

Following are some tips to help strengthen your testing team:

Clarity of Roles and Responsibilities

The importance of clarity in defining roles/responsibilities of different members in a team cannot be sufficiently emphasized. Job extension though an important part of the process of developing a team, it is very important to define primary roles of each team member. In this way, you can ensure that different members do not hinder the progress or work of others in the team, while maintaining accountability of each individual team member as part of the overall testing process.

Selecting Correct Skills and Tools

While selecting members for your core testing team, it is always advisable to look for diverse skills among team members. A diverse team is an asset as it allows an organization to check its software from many different perspectives. While someone with a background in web designing could provide invaluable suggestions with respective to the application UI, a programmer would be able to identify and resolve coding errors or make changes to the software to suit client operations. Access to the correct tools is also necessary to help build an effective QA/QC team, because in the current-age of multi platform applications, traditional methods such as regression testing or stress testing need to be revised to suit different types of software being analysed.

Carrier Growth Opportunities and Expansion of Skills

Every individual aspires to climb up the corporate ladder and such ambition if nurtured and directed correctly benefits the organization as well as the individual. The IT industry always moves at a fast pace and if an individual feels the lack of growth opportunities, attrition can be a big problem. It is therefore necessary for organizations to provide adequate financial and non-financial opportunities to help employees stay motivated. The fast paced change in the IT industry necessitates that individuals operating in the QA/QC Team continue to develop and gain new skills, which are necessary to improve their productivity as well as ability to communicate with each other to help resolve problems. Some companies already invest in arranging training programs for their employees however, a more focused approach to develop the testing team further is required for all software development companies.


Author: Abhishek Chakravarti
Source: Link

Developing and Documenting a Software Testing Strategy

Developing and Documenting a Software


The software industry has grown by leaps and bounds over the past decade and the industry is definitely poised to control its growth trajectory even if at a lower rate as a result of the global crisis. In the face of limited resources availability, just developing newer software is not sufficient; software developers need to focus on quality, while companies need to invest significantly in developing their own Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) parameters in line with global standards. Software development companies also need to focus on developing a strategy to test any newly developed software to reduce bugs and coding errors, which often creep into software. Here I will discuss the best practices for documenting such a software development strategy.

Scope and Overview

This is the starting section of the software documentation and provides information about the scope of the strategy document. This section clearly mentions the purpose the strategy document while providing key information about the type of software and devices, which will be utilized to perform the testing. Additionally, this section also contains information about the various steps and precautions, which would be taken by the organization as part of its strategy for testing new software.

Test Approach

The test approach section is dedicated to providing details of the testing methodology, which will be followed. Key information available in this section would also include the level of testing as well as the responsibilities and role of each person in the testing process. In case of each test type mentioned in this section, additional information required would include the parameters to be followed for regression, load, performance testing etc. The list of available parameters is quite extensive and depends on the purpose of the software developed as well as the resources at the disposal of the testing.

Test Environment

This is a very important aspect of the strategy as test conditions should ideally mimic the actual operating conditions of the software, while allowing the tester to vary specific conditions to determine performance issues that could affect overall performance. Key features of the environment would include number of users as well as hardware parameters such as memory, free disk space etc. This section of the document should also include information about backup and restore processes, which may be utilized for the software.

Testing Tools

This section of the testing strategy document is dedicated to defining test management and automation criteria for the specific type of software. In case of load, performance testing the document must provide a list of required tools as well as test approach information. Ideally, the document should also clearly state the commercial or open source nature of the tool, while providing information about the user support available while using the tool.

Release Control and Risk Analysis

Being the first in the market does not always guarantee success, that's what many have learnt the hard way. This section of the document allows you to define and refine the release strategy of new software so that benefits are maximized while bugs are minimized in the post development phase. Additionally, the company can also provide information about all real and perceived risk to the market success of their software. The risk analysis would help in maintaining a record of all contingency plans devised in case the risk factor happens in real life.

Review and Approvals

This section of the software strategy document allows companies to define and state their procedures for reviewing the results of the testing, followed by the quantification of minimum qualifying criteria for new software. This section helps the testing team to easily differentiate between software that is ready for approval as opposed to software which requires reworking. These are some of the best practices for creating such a strategy document, which can provide a competitive advantage to the software development company and help it maximize the benefits from its testing resources.

Author: Abhishek Chakravarti
Source: Link

Software Testing Methodologies: Black Box, White Box, Waterfall, V-Model, Spiral Model Explained!

Software Testing Methodologies: Black Box, White Box, Waterfall, V-Model, Spiral Model Explained!



Introduction

Software development includes different kinds of testing methods. Software testing is an important part of software development. Writing a piece of code is very important, but testing the code is much more important than writing it. Software testing means that testing the code using different conditions and to check the quality of output and whether the output is as expected or not. Before testing the code, the developer will prepare a set of test cases with varying conditions to check the output. Any errors, bugs or difference in result can be found out during the testing phase. It is the job of software quality assurance engineer to conduct the testing and check the results. Though you have many software testing methodologies available, the below listed are the most frequently used by the software engineers.

Black box

It is the commonly used testing method, where the testing person will not know anything about the internal application, working, design, structure and implementation of the code in detail when testing it. The testing person will not be provided any access to the main source code of the application. This kind of testing lets the tester to test the code by providing inputs to the application and getting outputs for it without knowing about how the things are working within the code.

White box

It is opposite to the black box testing method. It lets the tester to perform a detailed investigation about the application. The testing person will know completely about the internal structure, design, working and concept of the application before he starts to test the code. This kind of testing is otherwise called as open box testing, as the tester gets to know about all the aspects of the application in detail.


Waterfall

As the name indicates, it is a top to down testing methodology that is commonly used by the testing engineers. The software testing services of this kind of testing starts with the requirement analysis, followed by the processes like test cases analysis, test cases design implementation, testing, debugging the errors if any and end with the maintenance of the code. The tester has to complete the previous step before moving to the next step. This method is a simple testing method and a kind of non-interactive method.


V-Model

This type of testing got its name as ‘V' model because the graphical representation of this testing method resembles the shape of letter V. This is similar to waterfall model, but this method includes both the ‘top to bottom' and ‘bottom to top' approach. The main benefit of this method of testing is the software engineers can perform both the development and testing works simultaneously. This kind of testing results in minimizing the time delays and maximum use of the resources.

Spiral Model

Spiral model of testing involves various cycles of testing that includes all steps of testing. First, the initial cycle of testing will be completed and then the next cycle includes complete analysis of the code and testing. If the second cycle fails to meet the standards or the desired results, then the testing person should try the next cycle and this process goes on like this.

Software testing is very important and it is a separate department in IT field. If you want to be in software testing, then you have to clear out the software testing interview questions. The sample questions are available online and you can go through them for a basic idea.
All the above said methods are common software testing methodologies. You have so many other software testing services too, but these are the proved and efficient ways of testing the software application. With the importance of software applications getting more day by day, the significance for testing also grows side by side.

Author: Debarshi Ghosh Dastidar
Source: Link